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Ethiopia

L3 Emergency

Coordination mechanism: Cluster
Year of activation: 2000
NCC: UNICEF P4, FT
Deputy: UNICEF NOC, FT
IMO:UNICEF NOC, FT;
The subnational cluster has been activated since the beginning of the year with UNICEF nutrition specialist double hatting the coordination.
Coordination arrangements: The Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit (ENCU) of the NDRMC is supported by Unicef. NDRMC chairs and Unicef co-leads the ENCU/Nutrition Cluster) at Federal level. There are sub-national ENCU coordination staff in 6 Regions of Ethiopia

Country Key Contacts

Under recruitment

Nutrition Cluster Coordinator/ENCU Team Leader vacant@unicef.org

yonatan girma

ENCU Information Management Officer yoneeta02@gmail.com

Wondayferam Gemeda

ENCU Deputy Team Leader wgemeda@unicef.org

Mid-year report 2021

January to June 2021

Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO)
Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP)
Situation Analysis

In 2021 Ethiopia continued to face consequences of climate-induced shocks and intercommunal conflict and violence compounded by high food prices, inflation leading to increase in acute food insecurity. Hence, acute malnutrition as expected continued to increase and overall country wide from January to June 2021, SAM admissions were 25% higher than they were last year same period.

Oromia region continued to bear the highest burden of acute malnutrition with two out of five severely malnourished children admitted from the region. The problem is more pronounced in three zones (East and West Hararghe and West Arsi) where nearly half (47%) of the cases in the region being reported from.  Somali region bears the second highest numbers (22%) of severely malnourished children and half of the cases are from four zones (Daawa, Fafan, Liban and Shaballe). In Amhara and SNNP Regions, South Wollo, Waghimra and South Gonder and Gedeo, Hadiya and Wolayita zones were the three zones respectively with the highest number of SAM cases admitted for treatment. In Tigray Region where the vast majority of the population lost their livelihood and have been cut form essential services sometimes for extend periods, SAM admissions were 160% high in May 2021 than there were in 2021 despite a 85% reduction in availability of nutrition services due to limited access.

The planning assumption was that acute malnutrition was expected to increase by 25% in 2021 due to multiple aggravating factors and socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The 2021 targets aim at reaching 503,799 children affected by severe acute malnutrition (SAM) to be admitted across the country, more than 1 million children aged 6-59 months affected by moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) benefiting from Targeted Supplementary Feeding Program and over 600,000 acutely malnourished pregant and lactating women (PLW) were projected to receive support.

Response

In summary, overall country wide, from Jan to May 2021:

  • There were more than 241000 SAM children newly admitted for treatment across Ethiopia representing above 50% of the HRP annual target (503,799). Since Feb 2021 SAM admissions stagnated at very high levels for the period/season.
  • In addition, from Jan thru May, newly admitted children, pregnant and lactation women (PLW) for the treatment of MAM were:

The quality of the Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) services continued to be strengthened through the gradual adoption of the revised national Acute Malnutrition guidelines (started to take place at local level end of 2019 / beginning of 2020). In 2021, the FMoH-led Technical Working Group (TWG) on CMAM continued to develop the necessary guidance to pilot the Family MUAC approach and initiated discussion on the prospect of adopting emergency protocols for the management of acute malnutrition at times of crisis, during exceptional circumstances where the health system collapsed and nutrition services delivered through mobile health and nutrition teams.

The FMoH-led IYCF-E TWG is close to finalize the national operational guide to intensify actions toward protecting, promoting and supporting adequate Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition (MIYCN) at times of emergencies.

In 2021 the Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit (ENCU/Nutrition Cluster) was supported by the Global Nutrition Cluster (GNC) with the deployment of their IM Specialist to strengthen IM function of the Tigray Nutrition Cluster. The Technical Alliance of the GNC is currently supporting the Nutrition Information Working Group (NIWG) of the Nutrition Cluster to ensure good quality nutrition data are generated and more Nutrition Surveys undertaken including in complex emergencies where access is a constraint. The support provided focuses on Tigray crisis where there is a gap in prevalence estimate since the onset of the conflict.

Challenge
  • The piloting of simplified approaches are taking place at a very slow pace.
  • The different shocks and crisis affecting Ethiopia continue to drive acute malnutrition at a very high level and SAM admissions were higher than those of previous years.
  • Given much attention driven towards the Tigray crises, the situation in other part of the country didn't get the attention it deserves
  • The mobilization of the necessary resources to run a large scale Targeted Supplementary Feeding Program (TSFP) remained a challenge and due to limited funds MAM treatment could be made available only in selected woredas of highest priority (in most severe needs). In 2021, as the number of conflict-induced crisis increased in Tigray as well as in other parts of the country (eg., BG Region, parts of Amhara Region), the capacities of the Nutrition Cluster partners to timely scale-up the enhanced support to life-saving nutrition services is over stretched and limited.

 [CB1]To update

Key Figures in 2021

(millions)

Funding in 2021

(millions)
Number of SAM under-five children in need 2021
Number of MAM under-five children in need 2021
Number of children 6-23 months in need of BSFP- Blanket Supplementary Feeding Programme 2021
Number of children 6-59 months in need of Micronutrient Powder Supplementation 2021
Number of children 6-59 months in need of Vitamin A Supplementation 2021
(millions)
Number of PLW counselled (one-on-one) on IYCF 2021
Number of moderately acutely malnourished PLW in need 2021
Number of moderately acutely malnourished PLW in need Of BSFP 2021
Number of PW in need of iron/folate supplementation 2021
(millions)

22

Total Partners

0
National NGOs
International NGOs
0
UN Agencies
0
Government authorities
0
Donors

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