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Whole of Syria

Level 3

Coordination mechanism: Hybrid Sector/Cluster
Year of activation: 2015
NCC: P4 FT UNICEF double hatting ; Syria sector cluster coordinator P4 FT who is supported by 5 subnational cluster coordinators
Deputy:Save the children
IMO:UNICEF P3,FT; In Syria NOA FT
Coordination arrangement:
In NWS Unicef is leading the sector for WoS operations and inside Syria UNICEF is leading the sector with the government

Country Key Contacts

Tarig Mekkawi

Nutrition Cluster Coordinator (Whole of Syria) tmekkawi@unicef.org

Christine Fernandes

Nutrition Cluster Co-Coordinator (Whole of Syria) Christine.Fernandes@savethechildren.org

Najwa Rizkallah

Nutrition Cluster Coordinator (Syria) nrizkallah@unicef.org

Mohammed Latif

Information Management Specialist (Whole of Syria) mlatif@unicef.org

Mohamad Yehya

Information Management Officer (Syria) myehya@unicef.org

Abdulbaset Al Salkini

Information Management Officer (Turkey) nutrition.imo@pac-turkey.org

Annual report 2019

January to December 2019

Nutrition projects in the 2019 HRP

Situation Analysis

 

At the end of 2019, approximately 1.2 million pregnant and lactating women (PLW), and 3.4 million children under 59 months of age were in need of life-saving nutrition services. Acute malnutrition persists throughout geographical hotspots in Syria, with 137,000 children 6-59 months and 51,000 PLWs acutely malnourished at the end of 2019. Maternal malnutrition has increased five folds, leading to poor intrauterine growth, high risks pregnancy and childbirth complications. The criticality of acute malnutrition was highest in sub-districts with large numbers of IDPs, repeated displacements, and areas lacking specialised nutrition services to continually support pregnant women and young children who are the most in need. For in-patient treatment, the rate of malnourished children presenting health complications had increased twofold in some sub-districts. More stabilization centers with trained staff were urgently needed throughout the country for these cases. Almost one in three pregnant women was anaemic, while more than one in four children aged 6-59 months had anaemia as a result of insufficient micronutrient (iron) intake.

Sub-optimal maternal nutrition and infant and young child feeding practices, poor quality of food, and repeated illnesses (due to poor water, sanitation and health conditions) were drivers of poor nutritional status for large parts of the population. 

Chronic malnutrition rates were at a historic peak, with almost 500,000 children suffering from stunting with likely long-term effects on their physical and cognitive development. The national prevalence of stunting in children was estimated to be at 12.6%, with highest rates reported in Idleb and Aleppo Governorates (one in six children stunted).

Response Strategy
  1. Strengthen humanitarian lifesaving preventive nutrition services for vulnerable population groups focusing on appropriate infant and young child feeding practices in emergency, micronutrient interventions and optimal maternal nutrition.
  2. Improve equitable access to quality humanitarian lifesaving curative nutrition services through systematic identification, referral and treatment of acutely malnourished cases for boys and girls under five and Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF).
  3. Strengthening robust evidence-based system for Nutrition with capacity in decision-making to inform needbased programming.
  4. Establish coordinated and integrated nutrition programs between and across relevant sectors through enhanced coordination and joint programming.
  5. Nutrition sector coordination facilitated and enhanced across response hubs.
Challenges
  1. Continuous deterioration in security which limits population access to services, suspension of services, and displacements.
  2. The perception and buy-in by donors on the seriousness of stunting, which is high and on the rise. Significant advocacy efforts have been made to improve awareness and understanding on malnutrition in all its forms and the long-term consequences of chronic malnutrition.
  3. The implementing cluster partners are mostly medium to low scale national NGOs with limited capacity to effectively undertake nutrition in emergency interventions that are to scale. Capacity for inpatient facilities and trained human resources is a particular challenge.
  4. Remote programming brings added difficulties to quality assurance and ensuring assistance is in line with humanitarian principles including monitoring quality, influence and diversion of aid, and working closely on cross-cutting issues such as gender, mental health and disabilities.
  5. Coordination between the different sub-hubs due to political sensitivities.

Priorities for 2020

The nutrition sector will deliver life-saving nutrition services to PLW and children under the age of five, with a specific focus on the first 1,000 days of life.

Affected populations residing in hard-to-reach areas, IDP sites, returnees, overburdened communities, areas affected by a high intensity of hostilities will be prioritized as well as areas of severity 3 to 5.

The nutrition response will scale up multi-sectoral interventions to address the immediate and underlying causes of malnutrition as well as stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiencies, to stop the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition in Syria. 

Key Figures in 2019

(millions)

Funding in 2019

(millions)
SAM
MAM
Micro nutrient supplementation
CU5 LNS/HEB
Screening
(millions)
MAM
IYCF-E counselling
Micro nutrient supplementation
Screening
(millions)

Total Partners

0
UN agencies
0
International NGOs
0
National NGOs
0
Government authorities
0
Donors

Key Resources

list of important documents

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