January to December 2020
In view of the current humanitarian context characterized by a gradual increase in internally displaced persons and the closure of health services with limited access to health / nutrition services, the nutritional situation could deteriorate leading to an increase in the number of acutely malnourished children expected . Indeed, the nutritional survey using the SMART methodology carried out in October 2019 in the six municipalities with the largest number of displaced people already shows an increase in the rates of GAM and SAM above critical thresholds according to WHO standards. Taking into account the aggravating factors mentioned above, the total number of severely acutely malnourished children expected for the year 2020 in the 5 emergency regions is examined at 79,490 compared to 67,973 in January 2019 and the total of acutely malnourished children moderate expected from 183,413 in 2020 against 165,653 in 2019 in the same regions.
By December 31, 2020, 56,826 children aged 6 to 59 months suffering from severe acute malnutrition had been treated out of the 85,178 children initially targeted. This represents an indirect coverage of 66.71% of the target.
Regarding the management of moderate acute malnutrition in children aged 6 to 59 months74, 564 were admitted and treated (50.82%) and 40,252 pregnant and lactating women were admitted and treated, representing 76.82% of the revised MAM target.
For activities to prevent malnutrition, 247,457 women benefited from activities to protect and promote good infant and young child feeding practices (ANJE), i.e. 75.68% of the annual target 326,979 For the distribution of protective rations to children aged 6 to 23 months, a total of 144,087 were assisted out of the 100,000 planned, i.e. 144.09% of the target.
The average coverage for the five humanitarian regions is 70.24%, with the Eastern region having the highest coverage of MAS (76%), followed by the North Central region with 70.66% and the Sahel region with 66%. The lowest coverage for MAS is observed in the Northern region (51.5%). This would be the result of the presence of more operational actors and the implementation of community-based approaches in some areas. The problem of data management for some regions is also at the root of the low coverage.
Overall, 499,643 people targeted (70.24% of the annual target of 711,287) were reached.